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5 <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
6 <meta name="generator" content="Docutils 0.7:" />
7 <title>reStructuredText Directives</title>
8 <meta name="author" content="David Goodger" />
9 <meta name="date" content="2010-06-16" />
10 <meta name="copyright" content="This document has been placed in the public domain." />
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12 </head>
13 <body>
14 <div class="document" id="restructuredtext-directives">
15 <h1 class="title">reStructuredText Directives</h1>
16 <table class="docinfo" frame="void" rules="none">
17 <col class="docinfo-name" />
18 <col class="docinfo-content" />
19 <tbody valign="top">
20 <tr><th class="docinfo-name">Author:</th>
21 <td>David Goodger</td></tr>
22 <tr><th class="docinfo-name">Contact:</th>
23 <td><a class="first last reference external" href="mailto:goodger&#64;">goodger&#64;</a></td></tr>
24 <tr><th class="docinfo-name">Revision:</th>
25 <td>6342</td></tr>
26 <tr><th class="docinfo-name">Date:</th>
27 <td>2010-06-16</td></tr>
28 <tr><th class="docinfo-name">Copyright:</th>
29 <td>This document has been placed in the public domain.</td></tr>
30 </tbody>
31 </table>
32 <div class="contents topic" id="contents">
33 <p class="topic-title first">Contents</p>
34 <ul class="simple">
35 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#admonitions" id="id8">Admonitions</a><ul>
36 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#specific-admonitions" id="id9">Specific Admonitions</a></li>
37 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#generic-admonition" id="id10">Generic Admonition</a></li>
38 </ul>
39 </li>
40 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#images" id="id11">Images</a><ul>
41 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#image" id="id12">Image</a></li>
42 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#figure" id="id13">Figure</a></li>
43 </ul>
44 </li>
45 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#body-elements" id="id14">Body Elements</a><ul>
46 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#topic" id="id15">Topic</a></li>
47 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#sidebar" id="id16">Sidebar</a></li>
48 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#line-block" id="id17">Line Block</a></li>
49 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#parsed-literal-block" id="id18">Parsed Literal Block</a></li>
50 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#rubric" id="id19">Rubric</a></li>
51 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#epigraph" id="id20">Epigraph</a></li>
52 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#highlights" id="id21">Highlights</a></li>
53 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#pull-quote" id="id22">Pull-Quote</a></li>
54 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#compound-paragraph" id="id23">Compound Paragraph</a></li>
55 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#container" id="id24">Container</a></li>
56 </ul>
57 </li>
58 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#tables" id="id25">Tables</a><ul>
59 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#table" id="id26">Table</a></li>
60 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#id1" id="id27">CSV Table</a></li>
61 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#list-table" id="id28">List Table</a></li>
62 </ul>
63 </li>
64 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#document-parts" id="id29">Document Parts</a><ul>
65 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#table-of-contents" id="id30">Table of Contents</a></li>
66 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#automatic-section-numbering" id="id31">Automatic Section Numbering</a></li>
67 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#document-header-footer" id="id32">Document Header &amp; Footer</a></li>
68 </ul>
69 </li>
70 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#references" id="id33">References</a><ul>
71 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#target-footnotes" id="id34">Target Footnotes</a></li>
72 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#footnotes" id="id35">Footnotes</a></li>
73 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#citations" id="id36">Citations</a></li>
74 </ul>
75 </li>
76 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#html-specific" id="id37">HTML-Specific</a><ul>
77 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#meta" id="id38">Meta</a></li>
78 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#imagemap" id="id39">Imagemap</a></li>
79 </ul>
80 </li>
81 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#directives-for-substitution-definitions" id="id40">Directives for Substitution Definitions</a><ul>
82 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#replacement-text" id="id41">Replacement Text</a></li>
83 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#unicode-character-codes" id="id42">Unicode Character Codes</a></li>
84 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#date" id="id43">Date</a></li>
85 </ul>
86 </li>
87 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#miscellaneous" id="id44">Miscellaneous</a><ul>
88 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#including-an-external-document-fragment" id="id45">Including an External Document Fragment</a></li>
89 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#raw-data-pass-through" id="id46">Raw Data Pass-Through</a></li>
90 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#class" id="id47">Class</a></li>
91 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#custom-interpreted-text-roles" id="id48">Custom Interpreted Text Roles</a></li>
92 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#setting-the-default-interpreted-text-role" id="id49">Setting the Default Interpreted Text Role</a></li>
93 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#metadata-document-title" id="id50">Metadata Document Title</a></li>
94 <li><a class="reference internal" href="#restructuredtext-test-directive" id="id51">Restructuredtext-Test-Directive</a></li>
95 </ul>
96 </li>
97 </ul>
98 </div>
99 <p>This document describes the directives implemented in the reference
100 reStructuredText parser.</p>
101 <p>Directives have the following syntax:</p>
102 <pre class="literal-block">
103 +-------+-------------------------------+
104 | &quot;.. &quot; | directive type &quot;::&quot; directive |
105 +-------+ block |
106 | |
107 +-------------------------------+
108 </pre>
109 <p>Directives begin with an explicit markup start (two periods and a
110 space), followed by the directive type and two colons (collectively,
111 the &quot;directive marker&quot;). The directive block begins immediately after
112 the directive marker, and includes all subsequent indented lines. The
113 directive block is divided into arguments, options (a field list), and
114 content (in that order), any of which may appear. See the <a class="reference external" href="restructuredtext.html#directives">Directives</a>
115 section in the <a class="reference external" href="restructuredtext.html">reStructuredText Markup Specification</a> for syntax
116 details.</p>
117 <p>Descriptions below list &quot;doctree elements&quot; (document tree element
118 names; XML DTD generic identifiers) corresponding to individual
119 directives. For details on the hierarchy of elements, please see <a class="reference external" href="../doctree.html">The
120 Docutils Document Tree</a> and the <a class="reference external" href="../docutils.dtd">Docutils Generic DTD</a> XML document
121 type definition. For directive implementation details, see <a class="reference external" href="../../howto/rst-directives.html">Creating
122 reStructuredText Directives</a>.</p>
123 <div class="section" id="admonitions">
124 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id8">Admonitions</a></h1>
125 <div class="section" id="specific-admonitions">
126 <span id="warning"></span><span id="tip"></span><span id="note"></span><span id="important"></span><span id="hint"></span><span id="error"></span><span id="danger"></span><span id="caution"></span><span id="attention"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id9">Specific Admonitions</a></h2>
127 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
128 <col class="field-name" />
129 <col class="field-body" />
130 <tbody valign="top">
131 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Types:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;attention&quot;, &quot;caution&quot;, &quot;danger&quot;, &quot;error&quot;, &quot;hint&quot;,
132 &quot;important&quot;, &quot;note&quot;, &quot;tip&quot;, &quot;warning&quot;, &quot;admonition&quot;</td>
133 </tr>
134 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">attention, caution, danger, error, hint, important,
135 note, tip, warning, admonition, title</td>
136 </tr>
137 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
138 </tr>
139 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
140 </tr>
141 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as body elements.</td>
142 </tr>
143 </tbody>
144 </table>
145 <p>Admonitions are specially marked &quot;topics&quot; that can appear anywhere an
146 ordinary body element can. They contain arbitrary body elements.
147 Typically, an admonition is rendered as an offset block in a document,
148 sometimes outlined or shaded, with a title matching the admonition
149 type. For example:</p>
150 <pre class="literal-block">
151 .. DANGER::
152 Beware killer rabbits!
153 </pre>
154 <p>This directive might be rendered something like this:</p>
155 <pre class="literal-block">
156 +------------------------+
157 | !DANGER! |
158 | |
159 | Beware killer rabbits! |
160 +------------------------+
161 </pre>
162 <p>The following admonition directives have been implemented:</p>
163 <ul class="simple">
164 <li>attention</li>
165 <li>caution</li>
166 <li>danger</li>
167 <li>error</li>
168 <li>hint</li>
169 <li>important</li>
170 <li>note</li>
171 <li>tip</li>
172 <li>warning</li>
173 </ul>
174 <p>Any text immediately following the directive indicator (on the same
175 line and/or indented on following lines) is interpreted as a directive
176 block and is parsed for normal body elements. For example, the
177 following &quot;note&quot; admonition directive contains one paragraph and a
178 bullet list consisting of two list items:</p>
179 <pre class="literal-block">
180 .. note:: This is a note admonition.
181 This is the second line of the first paragraph.
183 - The note contains all indented body elements
184 following.
185 - It includes this bullet list.
186 </pre>
187 </div>
188 <div class="section" id="generic-admonition">
189 <span id="admonition"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id10">Generic Admonition</a></h2>
190 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
191 <col class="field-name" />
192 <col class="field-body" />
193 <tbody valign="top">
194 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;admonition&quot;</td>
195 </tr>
196 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">admonition, title</td>
197 </tr>
198 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One, required (admonition title)</td>
199 </tr>
200 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
201 </tr>
202 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as body elements.</td>
203 </tr>
204 </tbody>
205 </table>
206 <p>This is a generic, titled admonition. The title may be anything the
207 author desires.</p>
208 <p>The author-supplied title is also used as a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value
209 after being converted into a valid identifier form (down-cased;
210 non-alphanumeric characters converted to single hyphens; &quot;admonition-&quot;
211 prefixed). For example, this admonition:</p>
212 <pre class="literal-block">
213 .. admonition:: And, by the way...
215 You can make up your own admonition too.
216 </pre>
217 <p>becomes the following document tree (pseudo-XML):</p>
218 <pre class="literal-block">
219 &lt;document source=&quot;test data&quot;&gt;
220 &lt;admonition classes=&quot;admonition-and-by-the-way&quot;&gt;
221 &lt;title&gt;
222 And, by the way...
223 &lt;paragraph&gt;
224 You can make up your own admonition too.
225 </pre>
226 <p>The following option is recognized:</p>
227 <dl class="docutils">
228 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
229 <dd>Override the computed &quot;classes&quot; attribute value. See the <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a>
230 directive below.</dd>
231 </dl>
232 </div>
233 </div>
234 <div class="section" id="images">
235 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id11">Images</a></h1>
236 <p>There are two image directives: &quot;image&quot; and &quot;figure&quot;.</p>
237 <div class="section" id="image">
238 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id12">Image</a></h2>
239 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
240 <col class="field-name" />
241 <col class="field-body" />
242 <tbody valign="top">
243 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;image&quot;</td>
244 </tr>
245 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">image</td>
246 </tr>
247 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One, required (image URI).</td>
248 </tr>
249 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
250 </tr>
251 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
252 </tr>
253 </tbody>
254 </table>
255 <p>An &quot;image&quot; is a simple picture:</p>
256 <pre class="literal-block">
257 .. image:: picture.png
258 </pre>
259 <p>The URI for the image source file is specified in the directive
260 argument. As with hyperlink targets, the image URI may begin on the
261 same line as the explicit markup start and target name, or it may
262 begin in an indented text block immediately following, with no
263 intervening blank lines. If there are multiple lines in the link
264 block, they are stripped of leading and trailing whitespace and joined
265 together.</p>
266 <p>Optionally, the image link block may contain a flat field list, the
267 <span class="target" id="image-options">image options</span>. For example:</p>
268 <pre class="literal-block">
269 .. image:: picture.jpeg
270 :height: 100px
271 :width: 200 px
272 :scale: 50 %
273 :alt: alternate text
274 :align: right
275 </pre>
276 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
277 <dl class="docutils">
278 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">alt</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
279 <dd>Alternate text: a short description of the image, displayed by
280 applications that cannot display images, or spoken by applications
281 for visually impaired users.</dd>
282 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">height</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier"><a class="reference external" href="restructuredtext.html#length-units">length</a></span></dt>
283 <dd>The desired height of the image.
284 Used to reserve space or scale the image vertically. When the &quot;scale&quot;
285 option is also specified, they are combined. For example, a height of
286 200px and a scale of 50 is equivalent to a height of 100px with no scale.</dd>
287 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">width</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier"><a class="reference external" href="restructuredtext.html#length-units">length</a> or <a class="reference external" href="restructuredtext.html#percentage-units">percentage</a> of the current line width</span></dt>
288 <dd>The width of the image.
289 Used to reserve space or scale the image horizontally. As with &quot;height&quot;
290 above, when the &quot;scale&quot; option is also specified, they are combined.</dd>
291 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">scale</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer percentage (the &quot;%&quot; symbol is optional)</span></dt>
292 <dd><p class="first">The uniform scaling factor of the image. The default is &quot;100&nbsp;%&quot;, i.e.
293 no scaling.</p>
294 <p class="last">If no &quot;height&quot; or &quot;width&quot; options are specified, the <a class="reference external" href="">Python Imaging
295 Library</a> (PIL) may be used to determine them, if it is installed and
296 the image file is available.</p>
297 </dd>
298 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">align</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">&quot;top&quot;, &quot;middle&quot;, &quot;bottom&quot;, &quot;left&quot;, &quot;center&quot;, or &quot;right&quot;</span></dt>
299 <dd>The alignment of the image, equivalent to the HTML <tt class="docutils literal">&lt;img&gt;</tt> tag's
300 &quot;align&quot; attribute. The values &quot;top&quot;, &quot;middle&quot;, and &quot;bottom&quot;
301 control an image's vertical alignment (relative to the text
302 baseline); they are only useful for inline images (substitutions).
303 The values &quot;left&quot;, &quot;center&quot;, and &quot;right&quot; control an image's
304 horizontal alignment, allowing the image to float and have the
305 text flow around it. The specific behavior depends upon the
306 browser or rendering software used.</dd>
307 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">target</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text (URI or reference name)</span></dt>
308 <dd>Makes the image into a hyperlink reference (&quot;clickable&quot;). The
309 option argument may be a URI (relative or absolute), or a
310 reference name with underscore suffix (e.g. <tt class="docutils literal">name_</tt>).</dd>
311 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
312 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the image element. See the
313 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
314 </dl>
315 </div>
316 <div class="section" id="figure">
317 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id13">Figure</a></h2>
318 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
319 <col class="field-name" />
320 <col class="field-body" />
321 <tbody valign="top">
322 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;figure&quot;</td>
323 </tr>
324 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">figure, image, caption, legend</td>
325 </tr>
326 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One, required (image URI).</td>
327 </tr>
328 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
329 </tr>
330 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as the figure caption and an optional
331 legend.</td>
332 </tr>
333 </tbody>
334 </table>
335 <p>A &quot;figure&quot; consists of <a class="reference internal" href="#image">image</a> data (including <a class="reference internal" href="#image-options">image options</a>), an optional
336 caption (a single paragraph), and an optional legend (arbitrary body
337 elements). For page-based output media, figures might float to a different
338 position if this helps the page layout.</p>
339 <pre class="literal-block">
340 .. figure:: picture.png
341 :scale: 50 %
342 :alt: map to buried treasure
344 This is the caption of the figure (a simple paragraph).
346 The legend consists of all elements after the caption. In this
347 case, the legend consists of this paragraph and the following
348 table:
350 +-----------------------+-----------------------+
351 | Symbol | Meaning |
352 +=======================+=======================+
353 | .. image:: tent.png | Campground |
354 +-----------------------+-----------------------+
355 | .. image:: waves.png | Lake |
356 +-----------------------+-----------------------+
357 | .. image:: peak.png | Mountain |
358 +-----------------------+-----------------------+
359 </pre>
360 <p>There must be blank lines before the caption paragraph and before the
361 legend. To specify a legend without a caption, use an empty comment
362 (&quot;..&quot;) in place of the caption.</p>
363 <p>The &quot;figure&quot; directive supports all of the options of the &quot;image&quot;
364 directive (see <a class="reference internal" href="#image-options">image options</a> above). These options (except
365 &quot;align&quot;) are passed on to the contained image.</p>
366 <dl class="docutils">
367 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">align</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">&quot;left&quot;, &quot;center&quot;, or &quot;right&quot;</span></dt>
368 <dd>The horizontal alignment of the figure, allowing the image to
369 float and have the text flow around it. The specific behavior
370 depends upon the browser or rendering software used.</dd>
371 </dl>
372 <p>In addition, the following options are recognized:</p>
373 <dl class="docutils">
374 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">figwidth</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">&quot;image&quot;, <a class="reference external" href="restructuredtext.html#length-units">length</a>, or <a class="reference external" href="restructuredtext.html#percentage-units">percentage</a> of current line width</span></dt>
375 <dd><p class="first">The width of the figure.
376 Limits the horizontal space used by the figure.
377 A special value of &quot;image&quot; is allowed, in which case the
378 included image's actual width is used (requires the <a class="reference external" href="">Python Imaging
379 Library</a>). If the image file is not found or the required software is
380 unavailable, this option is ignored.</p>
381 <p>Sets the &quot;width&quot; attribute of the &quot;figure&quot; doctree element.</p>
382 <p>This option does not scale the included image; use the &quot;width&quot;
383 <a class="reference internal" href="#image">image</a> option for that.</p>
384 <pre class="last literal-block">
385 +---------------------------+
386 | figure |
387 | |
388 |&lt;------ figwidth ---------&gt;|
389 | |
390 | +---------------------+ |
391 | | image | |
392 | | | |
393 | |&lt;--- width ---------&gt;| |
394 | +---------------------+ |
395 | |
396 |The figure's caption should|
397 |wrap at this width. |
398 +---------------------------+
399 </pre>
400 </dd>
401 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">figclass</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
402 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the figure element. See the
403 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
404 </dl>
405 </div>
406 </div>
407 <div class="section" id="body-elements">
408 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id14">Body Elements</a></h1>
409 <div class="section" id="topic">
410 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id15">Topic</a></h2>
411 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
412 <col class="field-name" />
413 <col class="field-body" />
414 <tbody valign="top">
415 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;topic&quot;</td>
416 </tr>
417 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">topic</td>
418 </tr>
419 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">1, required (topic title).</td>
420 </tr>
421 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
422 </tr>
423 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as the topic body.</td>
424 </tr>
425 </tbody>
426 </table>
427 <p>A topic is like a block quote with a title, or a self-contained
428 section with no subsections. Use the &quot;topic&quot; directive to indicate a
429 self-contained idea that is separate from the flow of the document.
430 Topics may occur anywhere a section or transition may occur. Body
431 elements and topics may not contain nested topics.</p>
432 <p>The directive's sole argument is interpreted as the topic title; the
433 next line must be blank. All subsequent lines make up the topic body,
434 interpreted as body elements. For example:</p>
435 <pre class="literal-block">
436 .. topic:: Topic Title
438 Subsequent indented lines comprise
439 the body of the topic, and are
440 interpreted as body elements.
441 </pre>
442 <p>The following option is recognized:</p>
443 <dl class="docutils">
444 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
445 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the topic element. See the
446 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
447 </dl>
448 </div>
449 <div class="section" id="sidebar">
450 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id16">Sidebar</a></h2>
451 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
452 <col class="field-name" />
453 <col class="field-body" />
454 <tbody valign="top">
455 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;sidebar&quot;</td>
456 </tr>
457 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">sidebar</td>
458 </tr>
459 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One, required (sidebar title).</td>
460 </tr>
461 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
462 </tr>
463 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as the sidebar body.</td>
464 </tr>
465 </tbody>
466 </table>
467 <p>Sidebars are like miniature, parallel documents that occur inside
468 other documents, providing related or reference material. A sidebar
469 is typically offset by a border and &quot;floats&quot; to the side of the page;
470 the document's main text may flow around it. Sidebars can also be
471 likened to super-footnotes; their content is outside of the flow of
472 the document's main text.</p>
473 <p>Sidebars may occur anywhere a section or transition may occur. Body
474 elements (including sidebars) may not contain nested sidebars.</p>
475 <p>The directive's sole argument is interpreted as the sidebar title,
476 which may be followed by a subtitle option (see below); the next line
477 must be blank. All subsequent lines make up the sidebar body,
478 interpreted as body elements. For example:</p>
479 <pre class="literal-block">
480 .. sidebar:: Sidebar Title
481 :subtitle: Optional Sidebar Subtitle
483 Subsequent indented lines comprise
484 the body of the sidebar, and are
485 interpreted as body elements.
486 </pre>
487 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
488 <dl class="docutils">
489 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">subtitle</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
490 <dd>The sidebar's subtitle.</dd>
491 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
492 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the sidebar element. See the
493 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
494 </dl>
495 </div>
496 <div class="section" id="line-block">
497 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id17">Line Block</a></h2>
498 <div class="admonition-deprecated admonition">
499 <p class="first admonition-title">Deprecated</p>
500 <p class="last">The &quot;line-block&quot; directive is deprecated. Use the <a class="reference external" href="restructuredtext.html#line-blocks">line block
501 syntax</a> instead.</p>
502 </div>
503 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
504 <col class="field-name" />
505 <col class="field-body" />
506 <tbody valign="top">
507 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;line-block&quot;</td>
508 </tr>
509 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">line_block</td>
510 </tr>
511 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
512 </tr>
513 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
514 </tr>
515 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Becomes the body of the line block.</td>
516 </tr>
517 </tbody>
518 </table>
519 <p>The &quot;line-block&quot; directive constructs an element where line breaks and
520 initial indentation is significant and inline markup is supported. It
521 is equivalent to a <a class="reference internal" href="#parsed-literal-block">parsed literal block</a> with different rendering:
522 typically in an ordinary serif typeface instead of a
523 typewriter/monospaced face, and not automatically indented. (Have the
524 line-block directive begin a block quote to get an indented line
525 block.) Line blocks are useful for address blocks and verse (poetry,
526 song lyrics), where the structure of lines is significant. For
527 example, here's a classic:</p>
528 <pre class="literal-block">
529 &quot;To Ma Own Beloved Lassie: A Poem on her 17th Birthday&quot;, by
530 Ewan McTeagle (for Lassie O'Shea):
532 .. line-block::
534 Lend us a couple of bob till Thursday.
535 I'm absolutely skint.
536 But I'm expecting a postal order and I can pay you back
537 as soon as it comes.
538 Love, Ewan.
539 </pre>
540 <p>The following option is recognized:</p>
541 <dl class="docutils">
542 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
543 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the line_block element. See the
544 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
545 </dl>
546 </div>
547 <div class="section" id="parsed-literal-block">
548 <span id="parsed-literal"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id18">Parsed Literal Block</a></h2>
549 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
550 <col class="field-name" />
551 <col class="field-body" />
552 <tbody valign="top">
553 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;parsed-literal&quot;</td>
554 </tr>
555 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">literal_block</td>
556 </tr>
557 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
558 </tr>
559 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
560 </tr>
561 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Becomes the body of the literal block.</td>
562 </tr>
563 </tbody>
564 </table>
565 <p>Unlike an ordinary literal block, the &quot;parsed-literal&quot; directive
566 constructs a literal block where the text is parsed for inline markup.
567 It is equivalent to a <a class="reference internal" href="#line-block">line block</a> with different rendering:
568 typically in a typewriter/monospaced typeface, like an ordinary
569 literal block. Parsed literal blocks are useful for adding hyperlinks
570 to code examples.</p>
571 <p>However, care must be taken with the text, because inline markup is
572 recognized and there is no protection from parsing. Backslash-escapes
573 may be necessary to prevent unintended parsing. And because the
574 markup characters are removed by the parser, care must also be taken
575 with vertical alignment. Parsed &quot;ASCII art&quot; is tricky, and extra
576 whitespace may be necessary.</p>
577 <p>For example, all the element names in this content model are links:</p>
578 <pre class="literal-block">
579 .. parsed-literal::
581 ( (title_, subtitle_?)?,
582 decoration_?,
583 (docinfo_, transition_?)?,
584 `%structure.model;`_ )
585 </pre>
586 <p>The following option is recognized:</p>
587 <dl class="docutils">
588 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
589 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the literal_block element. See
590 the <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
591 </dl>
592 </div>
593 <div class="section" id="rubric">
594 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id19">Rubric</a></h2>
595 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
596 <col class="field-name" />
597 <col class="field-body" />
598 <tbody valign="top">
599 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;rubric&quot;</td>
600 </tr>
601 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">rubric</td>
602 </tr>
603 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">1, required (rubric text).</td>
604 </tr>
605 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
606 </tr>
607 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
608 </tr>
609 </tbody>
610 </table>
611 <!-- -->
612 <blockquote>
613 <p>rubric n. 1. a title, heading, or the like, in a manuscript,
614 book, statute, etc., written or printed in red or otherwise
615 distinguished from the rest of the text. ...</p>
616 <p class="attribution">&mdash;Random House Webster's College Dictionary, 1991</p>
617 </blockquote>
618 <p>The &quot;rubric&quot; directive inserts a &quot;rubric&quot; element into the document
619 tree. A rubric is like an informal heading that doesn't correspond to
620 the document's structure.</p>
621 <p>The following option is recognized:</p>
622 <dl class="docutils">
623 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
624 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the rubric element. See the
625 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
626 </dl>
627 </div>
628 <div class="section" id="epigraph">
629 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id20">Epigraph</a></h2>
630 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
631 <col class="field-name" />
632 <col class="field-body" />
633 <tbody valign="top">
634 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;epigraph&quot;</td>
635 </tr>
636 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">block_quote</td>
637 </tr>
638 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
639 </tr>
640 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
641 </tr>
642 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as the body of the block quote.</td>
643 </tr>
644 </tbody>
645 </table>
646 <p>An epigraph is an apposite (suitable, apt, or pertinent) short
647 inscription, often a quotation or poem, at the beginning of a document
648 or section.</p>
649 <p>The &quot;epigraph&quot; directive produces an &quot;epigraph&quot;-class block quote.
650 For example, this input:</p>
651 <pre class="literal-block">
652 .. epigraph::
654 No matter where you go, there you are.
656 -- Buckaroo Banzai
657 </pre>
658 <p>becomes this document tree fragment:</p>
659 <pre class="literal-block">
660 &lt;block_quote classes=&quot;epigraph&quot;&gt;
661 &lt;paragraph&gt;
662 No matter where you go, there you are.
663 &lt;attribution&gt;
664 Buckaroo Banzai
665 </pre>
666 </div>
667 <div class="section" id="highlights">
668 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id21">Highlights</a></h2>
669 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
670 <col class="field-name" />
671 <col class="field-body" />
672 <tbody valign="top">
673 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;highlights&quot;</td>
674 </tr>
675 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">block_quote</td>
676 </tr>
677 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
678 </tr>
679 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
680 </tr>
681 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as the body of the block quote.</td>
682 </tr>
683 </tbody>
684 </table>
685 <p>Highlights summarize the main points of a document or section, often
686 consisting of a list.</p>
687 <p>The &quot;highlights&quot; directive produces a &quot;highlights&quot;-class block quote.
688 See <a class="reference internal" href="#epigraph">Epigraph</a> above for an analogous example.</p>
689 </div>
690 <div class="section" id="pull-quote">
691 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id22">Pull-Quote</a></h2>
692 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
693 <col class="field-name" />
694 <col class="field-body" />
695 <tbody valign="top">
696 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;pull-quote&quot;</td>
697 </tr>
698 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">block_quote</td>
699 </tr>
700 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
701 </tr>
702 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
703 </tr>
704 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as the body of the block quote.</td>
705 </tr>
706 </tbody>
707 </table>
708 <p>A pull-quote is a small selection of text &quot;pulled out and quoted&quot;,
709 typically in a larger typeface. Pull-quotes are used to attract
710 attention, especially in long articles.</p>
711 <p>The &quot;pull-quote&quot; directive produces a &quot;pull-quote&quot;-class block quote.
712 See <a class="reference internal" href="#epigraph">Epigraph</a> above for an analogous example.</p>
713 </div>
714 <div class="section" id="compound-paragraph">
715 <span id="compound"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id23">Compound Paragraph</a></h2>
716 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
717 <col class="field-name" />
718 <col class="field-body" />
719 <tbody valign="top">
720 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;compound&quot;</td>
721 </tr>
722 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">compound</td>
723 </tr>
724 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
725 </tr>
726 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
727 </tr>
728 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as body elements.</td>
729 </tr>
730 </tbody>
731 </table>
732 <p>(New in Docutils 0.3.6)</p>
733 <p>The &quot;compound&quot; directive is used to create a compound paragraph, which
734 is a single logical paragraph containing multiple physical body
735 elements such as simple paragraphs, literal blocks, tables, lists,
736 etc., instead of directly containing text and inline elements. For
737 example:</p>
738 <pre class="literal-block">
739 .. compound::
741 The 'rm' command is very dangerous. If you are logged
742 in as root and enter ::
744 cd /
745 rm -rf *
747 you will erase the entire contents of your file system.
748 </pre>
749 <p>In the example above, a literal block is &quot;embedded&quot; within a sentence
750 that begins in one physical paragraph and ends in another.</p>
751 <div class="note">
752 <p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
753 <p>The &quot;compound&quot; directive is <em>not</em> a generic block-level container
754 like HTML's <tt class="docutils literal">&lt;div&gt;</tt> element. Do not use it only to group a
755 sequence of elements, or you may get unexpected results.</p>
756 <p class="last">If you need a generic block-level container, please use the
757 <a class="reference internal" href="#container">container</a> directive, described below.</p>
758 </div>
759 <p>Compound paragraphs are typically rendered as multiple distinct text
760 blocks, with the possibility of variations to emphasize their logical
761 unity:</p>
762 <ul class="simple">
763 <li>If paragraphs are rendered with a first-line indent, only the first
764 physical paragraph of a compound paragraph should have that indent
765 -- second and further physical paragraphs should omit the indents;</li>
766 <li>vertical spacing between physical elements may be reduced;</li>
767 <li>and so on.</li>
768 </ul>
769 <p>The following option is recognized:</p>
770 <dl class="docutils">
771 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
772 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the compound element. See the
773 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
774 </dl>
775 </div>
776 <div class="section" id="container">
777 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id24">Container</a></h2>
778 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
779 <col class="field-name" />
780 <col class="field-body" />
781 <tbody valign="top">
782 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;container&quot;</td>
783 </tr>
784 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">container</td>
785 </tr>
786 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One or more, optional (class names).</td>
787 </tr>
788 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
789 </tr>
790 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as body elements.</td>
791 </tr>
792 </tbody>
793 </table>
794 <p>(New in Docutils 0.3.10)</p>
795 <p>The &quot;container&quot; directive surrounds its contents (arbitrary body
796 elements) with a generic block-level &quot;container&quot; element. Combined
797 with the optional &quot;<a class="reference internal" href="#classes">classes</a>&quot; attribute argument(s), this is an
798 extension mechanism for users &amp; applications. For example:</p>
799 <pre class="literal-block">
800 .. container:: custom
802 This paragraph might be rendered in a custom way.
803 </pre>
804 <p>Parsing the above results in the following pseudo-XML:</p>
805 <pre class="literal-block">
806 &lt;container classes=&quot;custom&quot;&gt;
807 &lt;paragraph&gt;
808 This paragraph might be rendered in a custom way.
809 </pre>
810 <p>The &quot;container&quot; directive is the equivalent of HTML's <tt class="docutils literal">&lt;div&gt;</tt>
811 element. It may be used to group a sequence of elements for user- or
812 application-specific purposes.</p>
813 </div>
814 </div>
815 <div class="section" id="tables">
816 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id25">Tables</a></h1>
817 <p>Formal tables need more structure than the reStructuredText syntax
818 supplies. Tables may be given titles with the <a class="reference internal" href="#table">table</a> directive.
819 Sometimes reStructuredText tables are inconvenient to write, or table
820 data in a standard format is readily available. The <a class="reference internal" href="#csv-table">csv-table</a>
821 directive supports CSV data.</p>
822 <div class="section" id="table">
823 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id26">Table</a></h2>
824 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
825 <col class="field-name" />
826 <col class="field-body" />
827 <tbody valign="top">
828 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;table&quot;</td>
829 </tr>
830 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">table</td>
831 </tr>
832 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">1, optional (table title).</td>
833 </tr>
834 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
835 </tr>
836 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">A normal reStructuredText table.</td>
837 </tr>
838 </tbody>
839 </table>
840 <p>(New in Docutils 0.3.1)</p>
841 <p>The &quot;table&quot; directive is used to create a titled table, to associate a
842 title with a table:</p>
843 <pre class="literal-block">
844 .. table:: Truth table for &quot;not&quot;
846 ===== =====
847 A not A
848 ===== =====
849 False True
850 True False
851 ===== =====
852 </pre>
853 <p>The following option is recognized:</p>
854 <dl class="docutils">
855 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
856 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the table element. See the
857 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
858 </dl>
859 </div>
860 <div class="section" id="id1">
861 <span id="csv-table"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id27">CSV Table</a></h2>
862 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
863 <col class="field-name" />
864 <col class="field-body" />
865 <tbody valign="top">
866 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;csv-table&quot;</td>
867 </tr>
868 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">table</td>
869 </tr>
870 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">1, optional (table title).</td>
871 </tr>
872 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
873 </tr>
874 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">A CSV (comma-separated values) table.</td>
875 </tr>
876 </tbody>
877 </table>
878 <div class="warning">
879 <p class="first admonition-title">Warning</p>
880 <p class="last">The &quot;csv-table&quot; directive's &quot;:file:&quot; and &quot;:url:&quot; options represent
881 a potential security holes. They can be disabled with the
882 &quot;<a class="reference external" href="../../user/config.html#file-insertion-enabled">file_insertion_enabled</a>&quot; runtime setting.</p>
883 </div>
884 <p>(New in Docutils 0.3.4)</p>
885 <p>The &quot;csv-table&quot; directive is used to create a table from CSV
886 (comma-separated values) data. CSV is a common data format generated
887 by spreadsheet applications and commercial databases. The data may be
888 internal (an integral part of the document) or external (a separate
889 file).</p>
890 <p>Example:</p>
891 <pre class="literal-block">
892 .. csv-table:: Frozen Delights!
893 :header: &quot;Treat&quot;, &quot;Quantity&quot;, &quot;Description&quot;
894 :widths: 15, 10, 30
896 &quot;Albatross&quot;, 2.99, &quot;On a stick!&quot;
897 &quot;Crunchy Frog&quot;, 1.49, &quot;If we took the bones out, it wouldn't be
898 crunchy, now would it?&quot;
899 &quot;Gannet Ripple&quot;, 1.99, &quot;On a stick!&quot;
900 </pre>
901 <p>Block markup and inline markup within cells is supported. Line ends
902 are recognized within cells.</p>
903 <p>Working limitations:</p>
904 <ul class="simple">
905 <li>Whitespace delimiters are supported only for external CSV files.</li>
906 <li>There is no support for checking that the number of columns in each
907 row is the same. However, this directive supports CSV generators
908 that do not insert &quot;empty&quot; entries at the end of short rows, by
909 automatically adding empty entries.<!-- Add "strict" option to verify input? -->
910 </li>
911 </ul>
912 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
913 <dl class="docutils">
914 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
915 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the table element. See the
916 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
917 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">widths</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer [, integer...]</span></dt>
918 <dd>A comma- or space-separated list of relative column widths. The
919 default is equal-width columns (100%/#columns).</dd>
920 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">header-rows</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
921 <dd>The number of rows of CSV data to use in the table header.
922 Defaults to 0.</dd>
923 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">stub-columns</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
924 <dd>The number of table columns to use as stubs (row titles, on the
925 left). Defaults to 0.</dd>
926 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">header</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">CSV data</span></dt>
927 <dd>Supplemental data for the table header, added independently of and
928 before any <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">header-rows</span></tt> from the main CSV data. Must use the
929 same CSV format as the main CSV data.</dd>
930 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">file</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">string (newlines removed)</span></dt>
931 <dd>The local filesystem path to a CSV data file.</dd>
932 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">url</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">string (whitespace removed)</span></dt>
933 <dd>An Internet URL reference to a CSV data file.</dd>
934 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">encoding</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">name of text encoding</span></dt>
935 <dd>The text encoding of the external CSV data (file or URL).
936 Defaults to the document's encoding (if specified).</dd>
937 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">delim</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">char | &quot;tab&quot; | &quot;space&quot;</span></dt>
938 <dd>A one-character string used to separate fields. Defaults to <tt class="docutils literal">,</tt>
939 (comma). May be specified as a Unicode code point; see the
940 <a class="reference internal" href="#unicode">unicode</a> directive for syntax details.</dd>
941 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">quote</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">char</span></dt>
942 <dd>A one-character string used to quote elements containing the
943 delimiter or which start with the quote character. Defaults to
944 <tt class="docutils literal">&quot;</tt> (quote). May be specified as a Unicode code point; see the
945 <a class="reference internal" href="#unicode">unicode</a> directive for syntax details.</dd>
946 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">keepspace</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">flag</span></dt>
947 <dd>Treat whitespace immediately following the delimiter as
948 significant. The default is to ignore such whitespace.</dd>
949 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">escape</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">char</span></dt>
950 <dd>A one-character string used to escape the delimiter or quote
951 characters. May be specified as a Unicode code point; see the
952 <a class="reference internal" href="#unicode">unicode</a> directive for syntax details. Used when the delimiter is
953 used in an unquoted field, or when quote characters are used
954 within a field. The default is to double-up the character,
955 e.g. &quot;He said, &quot;&quot;Hi!&quot;&quot;&quot;<!-- Add another possible value, "double", to explicitly indicate
956 the default case? -->
957 </dd>
958 </dl>
959 </div>
960 <div class="section" id="list-table">
961 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id28">List Table</a></h2>
962 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
963 <col class="field-name" />
964 <col class="field-body" />
965 <tbody valign="top">
966 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;list-table&quot;</td>
967 </tr>
968 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">table</td>
969 </tr>
970 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">1, optional (table title).</td>
971 </tr>
972 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
973 </tr>
974 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">A uniform two-level bullet list.</td>
975 </tr>
976 </tbody>
977 </table>
978 <p>(New in Docutils 0.3.8. This is an initial implementation; <a class="reference external" href="../../dev/rst/alternatives.html#list-driven-tables">further
979 ideas</a> may be implemented in the future.)</p>
980 <p>The &quot;list-table&quot; directive is used to create a table from data in a
981 uniform two-level bullet list. &quot;Uniform&quot; means that each sublist
982 (second-level list) must contain the same number of list items.</p>
983 <p>Example:</p>
984 <pre class="literal-block">
985 .. list-table:: Frozen Delights!
986 :widths: 15 10 30
987 :header-rows: 1
989 * - Treat
990 - Quantity
991 - Description
992 * - Albatross
993 - 2.99
994 - On a stick!
995 * - Crunchy Frog
996 - 1.49
997 - If we took the bones out, it wouldn't be
998 crunchy, now would it?
999 * - Gannet Ripple
1000 - 1.99
1001 - On a stick!
1002 </pre>
1003 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
1004 <dl class="docutils">
1005 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
1006 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the table element. See the
1007 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
1008 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">widths</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer [integer...]</span></dt>
1009 <dd>A comma- or space-separated list of relative column widths. The
1010 default is equal-width columns (100%/#columns).</dd>
1011 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">header-rows</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
1012 <dd>The number of rows of list data to use in the table header.
1013 Defaults to 0.</dd>
1014 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">stub-columns</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
1015 <dd>The number of table columns to use as stubs (row titles, on the
1016 left). Defaults to 0.</dd>
1017 </dl>
1018 </div>
1019 </div>
1020 <div class="section" id="document-parts">
1021 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id29">Document Parts</a></h1>
1022 <div class="section" id="table-of-contents">
1023 <span id="id3"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id30">Table of Contents</a></h2>
1024 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1025 <col class="field-name" />
1026 <col class="field-body" />
1027 <tbody valign="top">
1028 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;contents&quot;</td>
1029 </tr>
1030 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">pending, topic</td>
1031 </tr>
1032 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One, optional: title.</td>
1033 </tr>
1034 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
1035 </tr>
1036 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1037 </tr>
1038 </tbody>
1039 </table>
1040 <p>The &quot;contents&quot; directive generates a table of contents (TOC) in a
1041 <a class="reference internal" href="#topic">topic</a>. Topics, and therefore tables of contents, may occur anywhere
1042 a section or transition may occur. Body elements and topics may not
1043 contain tables of contents.</p>
1044 <p>Here's the directive in its simplest form:</p>
1045 <pre class="literal-block">
1046 .. contents::
1047 </pre>
1048 <p>Language-dependent boilerplate text will be used for the title. The
1049 English default title text is &quot;Contents&quot;.</p>
1050 <p>An explicit title may be specified:</p>
1051 <pre class="literal-block">
1052 .. contents:: Table of Contents
1053 </pre>
1054 <p>The title may span lines, although it is not recommended:</p>
1055 <pre class="literal-block">
1056 .. contents:: Here's a very long Table of
1057 Contents title
1058 </pre>
1059 <p>Options may be specified for the directive, using a field list:</p>
1060 <pre class="literal-block">
1061 .. contents:: Table of Contents
1062 :depth: 2
1063 </pre>
1064 <p>If the default title is to be used, the options field list may begin
1065 on the same line as the directive marker:</p>
1066 <pre class="literal-block">
1067 .. contents:: :depth: 2
1068 </pre>
1069 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
1070 <dl class="docutils">
1071 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">depth</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
1072 <dd>The number of section levels that are collected in the table of
1073 contents. The default is unlimited depth.</dd>
1074 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">local</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">flag (empty)</span></dt>
1075 <dd>Generate a local table of contents. Entries will only include
1076 subsections of the section in which the directive is given. If no
1077 explicit title is given, the table of contents will not be titled.</dd>
1078 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">backlinks</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">&quot;entry&quot; or &quot;top&quot; or &quot;none&quot;</span></dt>
1079 <dd>Generate links from section headers back to the table of contents
1080 entries, the table of contents itself, or generate no backlinks.</dd>
1081 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
1082 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the topic element. See the
1083 <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
1084 </dl>
1085 </div>
1086 <div class="section" id="automatic-section-numbering">
1087 <span id="section-autonumbering"></span><span id="sectnum"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id31">Automatic Section Numbering</a></h2>
1088 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1089 <col class="field-name" />
1090 <col class="field-body" />
1091 <tbody valign="top">
1092 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;sectnum&quot; or &quot;section-autonumbering&quot; (synonyms)</td>
1093 </tr>
1094 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">pending, generated</td>
1095 </tr>
1096 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1097 </tr>
1098 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
1099 </tr>
1100 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1101 </tr>
1102 </tbody>
1103 </table>
1104 <p>The &quot;sectnum&quot; (or &quot;section-autonumbering&quot;) directive automatically numbers
1105 sections and subsections in a document (if not disabled by the
1106 <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">--no-section-numbering</span></tt> command line option or the <a class="reference external" href="../../user/config.html#sectnum-xform">sectnum_xform</a>
1107 configuration setting).</p>
1108 <p>Section numbers are of the &quot;multiple enumeration&quot; form, where each
1109 level has a number, separated by periods. For example, the title of section
1110 1, subsection 2, subsubsection 3 would have &quot;1.2.3&quot; prefixed.</p>
1111 <p>The &quot;sectnum&quot; directive does its work in two passes: the initial parse
1112 and a transform. During the initial parse, a &quot;pending&quot; element is
1113 generated which acts as a placeholder, storing any options internally.
1114 At a later stage in the processing, the &quot;pending&quot; element triggers a
1115 transform, which adds section numbers to titles. Section numbers are
1116 enclosed in a &quot;generated&quot; element, and titles have their &quot;auto&quot;
1117 attribute set to &quot;1&quot;.</p>
1118 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
1119 <dl class="docutils">
1120 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">depth</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
1121 <dd>The number of section levels that are numbered by this directive.
1122 The default is unlimited depth.</dd>
1123 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">prefix</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">string</span></dt>
1124 <dd>An arbitrary string that is prefixed to the automatically
1125 generated section numbers. It may be something like &quot;3.2.&quot;, which
1126 will produce &quot;3.2.1&quot;, &quot;3.2.2&quot;, &quot;;, and so on. Note that
1127 any separating punctuation (in the example, a period, &quot;.&quot;) must be
1128 explicitly provided. The default is no prefix.</dd>
1129 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">suffix</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">string</span></dt>
1130 <dd>An arbitrary string that is appended to the automatically
1131 generated section numbers. The default is no suffix.</dd>
1132 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">start</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
1133 <dd>The value that will be used for the first section number.
1134 Combined with <tt class="docutils literal">prefix</tt>, this may be used to force the right
1135 numbering for a document split over several source files. The
1136 default is 1.</dd>
1137 </dl>
1138 </div>
1139 <div class="section" id="document-header-footer">
1140 <span id="footer"></span><span id="header"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id32">Document Header &amp; Footer</a></h2>
1141 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1142 <col class="field-name" />
1143 <col class="field-body" />
1144 <tbody valign="top">
1145 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Types:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;header&quot; and &quot;footer&quot;</td>
1146 </tr>
1147 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">decoration, header, footer</td>
1148 </tr>
1149 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1150 </tr>
1151 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1152 </tr>
1153 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as body elements.</td>
1154 </tr>
1155 </tbody>
1156 </table>
1157 <p>(New in Docutils 0.3.8)</p>
1158 <p>The &quot;header&quot; and &quot;footer&quot; directives create document decorations,
1159 useful for page navigation, notes, time/datestamp, etc. For example:</p>
1160 <pre class="literal-block">
1161 .. header:: This space for rent.
1162 </pre>
1163 <p>This will add a paragraph to the document header, which will appear at
1164 the top of the generated web page or at the top of every printed page.</p>
1165 <p>These directives may be used multiple times, cumulatively. There is
1166 currently support for only one header and footer.</p>
1167 <div class="note">
1168 <p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
1169 <p>While it is possible to use the &quot;header&quot; and &quot;footer&quot; directives to
1170 create navigational elements for web pages, you should be aware
1171 that Docutils is meant to be used for <em>document</em> processing, and
1172 that a navigation bar is not typically part of a document.</p>
1173 <p class="last">Thus, you may soon find Docutils' abilities to be insufficient for
1174 these purposes. At that time, you should consider using a
1175 templating system (like <a class="reference external" href="">ht2html</a>) rather than the &quot;header&quot; and
1176 &quot;footer&quot; directives.</p>
1177 </div>
1178 <p>In addition to the use of these directives to populate header and
1179 footer content, content may also be added automatically by the
1180 processing system. For example, if certain runtime settings are
1181 enabled, the document footer is populated with processing information
1182 such as a datestamp, a link to <a class="reference external" href="">the Docutils website</a>, etc.</p>
1183 </div>
1184 </div>
1185 <div class="section" id="references">
1186 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id33">References</a></h1>
1187 <div class="section" id="target-footnotes">
1188 <span id="target-notes"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id34">Target Footnotes</a></h2>
1189 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1190 <col class="field-name" />
1191 <col class="field-body" />
1192 <tbody valign="top">
1193 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;target-notes&quot;</td>
1194 </tr>
1195 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">pending, footnote, footnote_reference</td>
1196 </tr>
1197 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1198 </tr>
1199 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
1200 </tr>
1201 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1202 </tr>
1203 </tbody>
1204 </table>
1205 <p>The &quot;target-notes&quot; directive creates a footnote for each external
1206 target in the text, and corresponding footnote references after each
1207 reference. For every explicit target (of the form, <tt class="docutils literal">.. _target name:
1208 URL</tt>) in the text, a footnote will be generated containing the
1209 visible URL as content.</p>
1210 <p>The following option is recognized:</p>
1211 <dl class="docutils">
1212 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
1213 <dd>Set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on all footnote_reference elements.
1214 See the <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive below.</dd>
1215 </dl>
1216 </div>
1217 <div class="section" id="footnotes">
1218 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id35">Footnotes</a></h2>
1219 <p><strong>NOT IMPLEMENTED YET</strong></p>
1220 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1221 <col class="field-name" />
1222 <col class="field-body" />
1223 <tbody valign="top">
1224 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;footnotes&quot;</td>
1225 </tr>
1226 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">pending, topic</td>
1227 </tr>
1228 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None?</td>
1229 </tr>
1230 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible?</td>
1231 </tr>
1232 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1233 </tr>
1234 </tbody>
1235 </table>
1236 <p>&#64;&#64;&#64;</p>
1237 </div>
1238 <div class="section" id="citations">
1239 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id36">Citations</a></h2>
1240 <p><strong>NOT IMPLEMENTED YET</strong></p>
1241 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1242 <col class="field-name" />
1243 <col class="field-body" />
1244 <tbody valign="top">
1245 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;citations&quot;</td>
1246 </tr>
1247 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">pending, topic</td>
1248 </tr>
1249 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None?</td>
1250 </tr>
1251 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible?</td>
1252 </tr>
1253 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1254 </tr>
1255 </tbody>
1256 </table>
1257 <p>&#64;&#64;&#64;</p>
1258 </div>
1259 </div>
1260 <div class="section" id="html-specific">
1261 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id37">HTML-Specific</a></h1>
1262 <div class="section" id="meta">
1263 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id38">Meta</a></h2>
1264 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1265 <col class="field-name" />
1266 <col class="field-body" />
1267 <tbody valign="top">
1268 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;meta&quot;</td>
1269 </tr>
1270 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">meta (non-standard)</td>
1271 </tr>
1272 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1273 </tr>
1274 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1275 </tr>
1276 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Must contain a flat field list.</td>
1277 </tr>
1278 </tbody>
1279 </table>
1280 <p>The &quot;meta&quot; directive is used to specify HTML metadata stored in HTML
1281 META tags. &quot;Metadata&quot; is data about data, in this case data about web
1282 pages. Metadata is used to describe and classify web pages in the
1283 World Wide Web, in a form that is easy for search engines to extract
1284 and collate.</p>
1285 <p>Within the directive block, a flat field list provides the syntax for
1286 metadata. The field name becomes the contents of the &quot;name&quot; attribute
1287 of the META tag, and the field body (interpreted as a single string
1288 without inline markup) becomes the contents of the &quot;content&quot;
1289 attribute. For example:</p>
1290 <pre class="literal-block">
1291 .. meta::
1292 :description: The reStructuredText plaintext markup language
1293 :keywords: plaintext, markup language
1294 </pre>
1295 <p>This would be converted to the following HTML:</p>
1296 <pre class="literal-block">
1297 &lt;meta name=&quot;description&quot;
1298 content=&quot;The reStructuredText plaintext markup language&quot;&gt;
1299 &lt;meta name=&quot;keywords&quot; content=&quot;plaintext, markup language&quot;&gt;
1300 </pre>
1301 <p>Support for other META attributes (&quot;http-equiv&quot;, &quot;scheme&quot;, &quot;lang&quot;,
1302 &quot;dir&quot;) are provided through field arguments, which must be of the form
1303 &quot;attr=value&quot;:</p>
1304 <pre class="literal-block">
1305 .. meta::
1306 :description lang=en: An amusing story
1307 :description lang=fr: Une histoire amusante
1308 </pre>
1309 <p>And their HTML equivalents:</p>
1310 <pre class="literal-block">
1311 &lt;meta name=&quot;description&quot; lang=&quot;en&quot; content=&quot;An amusing story&quot;&gt;
1312 &lt;meta name=&quot;description&quot; lang=&quot;fr&quot; content=&quot;Une histoire amusante&quot;&gt;
1313 </pre>
1314 <p>Some META tags use an &quot;http-equiv&quot; attribute instead of the &quot;name&quot;
1315 attribute. To specify &quot;http-equiv&quot; META tags, simply omit the name:</p>
1316 <pre class="literal-block">
1317 .. meta::
1318 :http-equiv=Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1
1319 </pre>
1320 <p>HTML equivalent:</p>
1321 <pre class="literal-block">
1322 &lt;meta http-equiv=&quot;Content-Type&quot;
1323 content=&quot;text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1&quot;&gt;
1324 </pre>
1325 </div>
1326 <div class="section" id="imagemap">
1327 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id39">Imagemap</a></h2>
1328 <p><strong>NOT IMPLEMENTED YET</strong></p>
1329 <p>Non-standard element: imagemap.</p>
1330 </div>
1331 </div>
1332 <div class="section" id="directives-for-substitution-definitions">
1333 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id40">Directives for Substitution Definitions</a></h1>
1334 <p>The directives in this section may only be used in substitution
1335 definitions. They may not be used directly, in standalone context.
1336 The <a class="reference internal" href="#image">image</a> directive may be used both in substitution definitions
1337 and in the standalone context.</p>
1338 <div class="section" id="replacement-text">
1339 <span id="replace"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id41">Replacement Text</a></h2>
1340 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1341 <col class="field-name" />
1342 <col class="field-body" />
1343 <tbody valign="top">
1344 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;replace&quot;</td>
1345 </tr>
1346 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">Text &amp; inline elements</td>
1347 </tr>
1348 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1349 </tr>
1350 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1351 </tr>
1352 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">A single paragraph; may contain inline markup.</td>
1353 </tr>
1354 </tbody>
1355 </table>
1356 <p>The &quot;replace&quot; directive is used to indicate replacement text for a
1357 substitution reference. It may be used within substitution
1358 definitions only. For example, this directive can be used to expand
1359 abbreviations:</p>
1360 <pre class="literal-block">
1361 .. |reST| replace:: reStructuredText
1363 Yes, |reST| is a long word, so I can't blame anyone for wanting to
1364 abbreviate it.
1365 </pre>
1366 <p>As reStructuredText doesn't support nested inline markup, the only way
1367 to create a reference with styled text is to use substitutions with
1368 the &quot;replace&quot; directive:</p>
1369 <pre class="literal-block">
1370 I recommend you try |Python|_.
1372 .. |Python| replace:: Python, *the* best language around
1373 .. _Python:
1374 </pre>
1375 </div>
1376 <div class="section" id="unicode-character-codes">
1377 <span id="unicode"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id42">Unicode Character Codes</a></h2>
1378 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1379 <col class="field-name" />
1380 <col class="field-body" />
1381 <tbody valign="top">
1382 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;unicode&quot;</td>
1383 </tr>
1384 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">Text</td>
1385 </tr>
1386 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One or more, required (Unicode character codes,
1387 optional text, and comments).</td>
1388 </tr>
1389 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
1390 </tr>
1391 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1392 </tr>
1393 </tbody>
1394 </table>
1395 <p>The &quot;unicode&quot; directive converts Unicode character codes (numerical
1396 values) to characters, and may be used in substitution definitions
1397 only.</p>
1398 <p>The arguments, separated by spaces, can be:</p>
1399 <ul class="simple">
1400 <li><strong>character codes</strong> as<ul>
1401 <li>decimal numbers or</li>
1402 <li>hexadecimal numbers, prefixed by <tt class="docutils literal">0x</tt>, <tt class="docutils literal">x</tt>, <tt class="docutils literal">\x</tt>, <tt class="docutils literal">U+</tt>,
1403 <tt class="docutils literal">u</tt>, or <tt class="docutils literal">\u</tt> or as XML-style hexadecimal character entities,
1404 e.g. <tt class="docutils literal">&amp;#x1a2b;</tt></li>
1405 </ul>
1406 </li>
1407 <li><strong>text</strong>, which is used as-is.</li>
1408 </ul>
1409 <p>Text following &quot; .. &quot; is a comment and is ignored. The spaces between
1410 the arguments are ignored and thus do not appear in the output.
1411 Hexadecimal codes are case-insensitive.</p>
1412 <p>For example, the following text:</p>
1413 <pre class="literal-block">
1414 Copyright |copy| 2003, |BogusMegaCorp (TM)| |---|
1415 all rights reserved.
1417 .. |copy| unicode:: 0xA9 .. copyright sign
1418 .. |BogusMegaCorp (TM)| unicode:: BogusMegaCorp U+2122
1419 .. with trademark sign
1420 .. |---| unicode:: U+02014 .. em dash
1421 :trim:
1422 </pre>
1423 <p>results in:</p>
1424 <blockquote>
1425 Copyright © 2003, BogusMegaCorp™—all rights reserved.</blockquote>
1426 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
1427 <dl class="docutils">
1428 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">ltrim</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">flag</span></dt>
1429 <dd>Whitespace to the left of the substitution reference is removed.</dd>
1430 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">rtrim</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">flag</span></dt>
1431 <dd>Whitespace to the right of the substitution reference is removed.</dd>
1432 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">trim</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">flag</span></dt>
1433 <dd>Equivalent to <tt class="docutils literal">ltrim</tt> plus <tt class="docutils literal">rtrim</tt>; whitespace on both sides
1434 of the substitution reference is removed.</dd>
1435 </dl>
1436 </div>
1437 <div class="section" id="date">
1438 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id43">Date</a></h2>
1439 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1440 <col class="field-name" />
1441 <col class="field-body" />
1442 <tbody valign="top">
1443 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;date&quot;</td>
1444 </tr>
1445 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">Text</td>
1446 </tr>
1447 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One, optional (date format).</td>
1448 </tr>
1449 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1450 </tr>
1451 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1452 </tr>
1453 </tbody>
1454 </table>
1455 <p>The &quot;date&quot; directive generates the current local date and inserts it
1456 into the document as text. This directive may be used in substitution
1457 definitions only.</p>
1458 <p>The optional directive content is interpreted as the desired date
1459 format, using the same codes as Python's time.strftime function. The
1460 default format is &quot;%Y-%m-%d&quot; (ISO 8601 date), but time fields can also
1461 be used. Examples:</p>
1462 <pre class="literal-block">
1463 .. |date| date::
1464 .. |time| date:: %H:%M
1466 Today's date is |date|.
1468 This document was generated on |date| at |time|.
1469 </pre>
1470 </div>
1471 </div>
1472 <div class="section" id="miscellaneous">
1473 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id44">Miscellaneous</a></h1>
1474 <div class="section" id="including-an-external-document-fragment">
1475 <span id="include"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id45">Including an External Document Fragment</a></h2>
1476 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1477 <col class="field-name" />
1478 <col class="field-body" />
1479 <tbody valign="top">
1480 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;include&quot;</td>
1481 </tr>
1482 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Elements:</th><td class="field-body">depend on data being included</td>
1483 </tr>
1484 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One, required (path to the file to include).</td>
1485 </tr>
1486 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
1487 </tr>
1488 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1489 </tr>
1490 </tbody>
1491 </table>
1492 <div class="warning">
1493 <p class="first admonition-title">Warning</p>
1494 <p class="last">The &quot;include&quot; directive represents a potential security hole. It
1495 can be disabled with the &quot;<a class="reference external" href="../../user/config.html#file-insertion-enabled">file_insertion_enabled</a>&quot; runtime setting.</p>
1496 </div>
1497 <p>The &quot;include&quot; directive reads a reStructuredText-formatted text file
1498 and parses it in the current document's context at the point of the
1499 directive. The directive argument is the path to the file to be
1500 included, relative to the document containing the directive. For
1501 example:</p>
1502 <pre class="literal-block">
1503 This first example will be parsed at the document level, and can
1504 thus contain any construct, including section headers.
1506 .. include:: inclusion.txt
1508 Back in the main document.
1510 This second example will be parsed in a block quote context.
1511 Therefore it may only contain body elements. It may not
1512 contain section headers.
1514 .. include:: inclusion.txt
1515 </pre>
1516 <p>If an included document fragment contains section structure, the title
1517 adornments must match those of the master document.</p>
1518 <p>Standard data files intended for inclusion in reStructuredText
1519 documents are distributed with the Docutils source code, located in
1520 the &quot;docutils&quot; package in the <tt class="docutils literal">docutils/parsers/rst/include</tt>
1521 directory. To access these files, use the special syntax for standard
1522 &quot;include&quot; data files, angle brackets around the file name:</p>
1523 <pre class="literal-block">
1524 .. include:: &lt;isonum.txt&gt;
1525 </pre>
1526 <p>The current set of standard &quot;include&quot; data files consists of sets of
1527 substitution definitions. See <a class="reference external" href="substitutions.html">reStructuredText Standard Substitution
1528 Definition Sets</a> for details of the available standard data files.</p>
1529 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
1530 <dl class="docutils">
1531 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">start-line</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
1532 <dd>Only the content starting from this line will be included.
1533 (As usual in Python, the first line has index 0 and negative values
1534 count from the end.)</dd>
1535 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">end-line</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
1536 <dd>Only the content up to (but excluding) this line will be included.</dd>
1537 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">start-after</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text to find in the external data file</span></dt>
1538 <dd>Only the content after the first occurrence of the specified text
1539 will be included.</dd>
1540 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">end-before</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text to find in the external data file</span></dt>
1541 <dd>Only the content before the first occurrence of the specified text
1542 (but after any <tt class="docutils literal">after</tt> text) will be included.</dd>
1543 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">literal</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">flag (empty)</span></dt>
1544 <dd>The entire included text is inserted into the document as a single
1545 literal block (useful for program listings).</dd>
1546 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">encoding</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">name of text encoding</span></dt>
1547 <dd>The text encoding of the external data file. Defaults to the
1548 document's <a class="reference external" href="../../user/config.html#input-encoding">input_encoding</a>.</dd>
1549 <dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">tab-width</span></tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">integer</span></dt>
1550 <dd>Number of spaces for hard tab expansion.
1551 A negative value prevents expansion of hard tabs. Defaults to the
1552 <a class="reference external" href="../../user/config.html#tab-width">tab_width</a> configuration setting.</dd>
1553 </dl>
1554 <p>Combining <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">start/end-line</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">start-after/end-before</span></tt> is possible. The
1555 text markers will be searched in the specified lines (further limiting the
1556 included content).</p>
1557 </div>
1558 <div class="section" id="raw-data-pass-through">
1559 <span id="raw"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id46">Raw Data Pass-Through</a></h2>
1560 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1561 <col class="field-name" />
1562 <col class="field-body" />
1563 <tbody valign="top">
1564 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;raw&quot;</td>
1565 </tr>
1566 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">raw</td>
1567 </tr>
1568 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One or more, required (output format types).</td>
1569 </tr>
1570 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible.</td>
1571 </tr>
1572 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Stored verbatim, uninterpreted. None (empty) if a
1573 &quot;file&quot; or &quot;url&quot; option given.</td>
1574 </tr>
1575 </tbody>
1576 </table>
1577 <div class="warning">
1578 <p class="first admonition-title">Warning</p>
1579 <p class="last">The &quot;raw&quot; directive represents a potential security hole. It can
1580 be disabled with the &quot;<a class="reference external" href="../../user/config.html#raw-enabled">raw_enabled</a>&quot; or &quot;<a class="reference external" href="../../user/config.html#file-insertion-enabled">file_insertion_enabled</a>&quot;
1581 runtime settings.</p>
1582 </div>
1583 <div class="caution">
1584 <p class="first admonition-title">Caution!</p>
1585 <p>The &quot;raw&quot; directive is a stop-gap measure allowing the author to
1586 bypass reStructuredText's markup. It is a &quot;power-user&quot; feature
1587 that should not be overused or abused. The use of &quot;raw&quot; ties
1588 documents to specific output formats and makes them less portable.</p>
1589 <p class="last">If you often need to use the &quot;raw&quot; directive or a &quot;raw&quot;-derived
1590 interpreted text role, that is a sign either of overuse/abuse or
1591 that functionality may be missing from reStructuredText. Please
1592 describe your situation in a message to the <a class="reference external" href="../../user/mailing-lists.html#docutils-users">Docutils-users</a> mailing
1593 list.</p>
1594 </div>
1595 <p>The &quot;raw&quot; directive indicates non-reStructuredText data that is to be
1596 passed untouched to the Writer. The names of the output formats are
1597 given in the directive arguments. The interpretation of the raw data
1598 is up to the Writer. A Writer may ignore any raw output not matching
1599 its format.</p>
1600 <p>For example, the following input would be passed untouched by an HTML
1601 Writer:</p>
1602 <pre class="literal-block">
1603 .. raw:: html
1605 &lt;hr width=50 size=10&gt;
1606 </pre>
1607 <p>A LaTeX Writer could insert the following raw content into its
1608 output stream:</p>
1609 <pre class="literal-block">
1610 .. raw:: latex
1612 \setlength{\parindent}{0pt}
1613 </pre>
1614 <p>Raw data can also be read from an external file, specified in a
1615 directive option. In this case, the content block must be empty. For
1616 example:</p>
1617 <pre class="literal-block">
1618 .. raw:: html
1619 :file: inclusion.html
1620 </pre>
1621 <p>The following options are recognized:</p>
1622 <dl class="docutils">
1623 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">file</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">string (newlines removed)</span></dt>
1624 <dd>The local filesystem path of a raw data file to be included.</dd>
1625 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">url</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">string (whitespace removed)</span></dt>
1626 <dd>An Internet URL reference to a raw data file to be included.</dd>
1627 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">encoding</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">name of text encoding</span></dt>
1628 <dd>The text encoding of the external raw data (file or URL).
1629 Defaults to the document's encoding (if specified).</dd>
1630 </dl>
1631 </div>
1632 <div class="section" id="class">
1633 <span id="classes"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id47">Class</a></h2>
1634 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1635 <col class="field-name" />
1636 <col class="field-body" />
1637 <tbody valign="top">
1638 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;class&quot;</td>
1639 </tr>
1640 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">pending</td>
1641 </tr>
1642 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One or more, required (class names / attribute
1643 values).</td>
1644 </tr>
1645 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1646 </tr>
1647 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Optional. If present, it is interpreted as body
1648 elements.</td>
1649 </tr>
1650 </tbody>
1651 </table>
1652 <p>The &quot;class&quot; directive sets the &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on its content
1653 or on the first immediately following non-comment element <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id7" id="id5">[1]</a>. For
1654 details of the &quot;classes&quot; attribute, see <a class="reference external" href="../doctree.html#classes">its entry</a> in <a class="reference external" href="../doctree.html">The Docutils
1655 Document Tree</a>.</p>
1656 <p>The directive argument consists of one or more space-separated class
1657 names. The names are transformed to conform to the regular expression
1658 <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">[a-z](-?[a-z0-9]+)*</span></tt> by converting</p>
1659 <ul class="simple">
1660 <li>alphabetic characters to lowercase,</li>
1661 <li>accented characters to the base character,</li>
1662 <li>non-alphanumeric characters to hyphens,</li>
1663 <li>consecutive hyphens into one hyphen.</li>
1664 </ul>
1665 <p>For example &quot;Rot-Gelb.Blau Grün:+2008&quot; becomes &quot;rot-gelb-blau grun-2008&quot;.
1666 (For the <a class="reference internal" href="#rationale">rationale</a>, see below.)</p>
1667 <p>Examples:</p>
1668 <pre class="literal-block">
1669 .. class:: special
1671 This is a &quot;special&quot; paragraph.
1673 .. class:: exceptional remarkable
1675 An Exceptional Section
1676 ======================
1678 This is an ordinary paragraph.
1680 .. class:: multiple
1682 First paragraph.
1684 Second paragraph.
1685 </pre>
1686 <p>The text above is parsed and transformed into this doctree fragment:</p>
1687 <pre class="literal-block">
1688 &lt;paragraph classes=&quot;special&quot;&gt;
1689 This is a &quot;special&quot; paragraph.
1690 &lt;section classes=&quot;exceptional remarkable&quot;&gt;
1691 &lt;title&gt;
1692 An Exceptional Section
1693 &lt;paragraph&gt;
1694 This is an ordinary paragraph.
1695 &lt;paragraph classes=&quot;multiple&quot;&gt;
1696 First paragraph.
1697 &lt;paragraph classes=&quot;multiple&quot;&gt;
1698 Second paragraph.
1699 </pre>
1700 <table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="id7" rules="none">
1701 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
1702 <tbody valign="top">
1703 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id5">[1]</a></td><td><p class="first">To set a &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on a block quote, the
1704 &quot;class&quot; directive must be followed by an empty comment:</p>
1705 <pre class="literal-block">
1706 .. class:: highlights
1707 ..
1709 Block quote text.
1710 </pre>
1711 <p class="last">An empty comment is required to terminate the directive to allow
1712 the indented text to be parsed as a block quote. Without the empty
1713 comment, the indented text would be interpreted as the &quot;class&quot;
1714 directive's content, and the classes would be applied to each
1715 element (paragraph, in this case) individually, instead of to the
1716 block quote as a whole.</p>
1717 </td></tr>
1718 </tbody>
1719 </table>
1720 <div class="topic" id="rationale">
1721 <p class="topic-title first">Rationale for &quot;classes&quot; Attribute Value Conversion</p>
1722 <p>Docutils identifiers are converted to conform to the regular
1723 expression <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">[a-z](-?[a-z0-9]+)*</span></tt>. For HTML + CSS compatibility,
1724 identifiers (the &quot;classes&quot; and &quot;id&quot; attributes) should have no
1725 underscores, colons, or periods. Hyphens may be used.</p>
1726 <ul>
1727 <li><p class="first">The <a class="reference external" href="">HTML 4.01 spec</a> defines identifiers based on SGML tokens:</p>
1728 <blockquote>
1729 <p>ID and NAME tokens must begin with a letter ([A-Za-z]) and
1730 may be followed by any number of letters, digits ([0-9]),
1731 hyphens (&quot;-&quot;), underscores (&quot;_&quot;), colons (&quot;:&quot;), and periods
1732 (&quot;.&quot;).</p>
1733 </blockquote>
1734 </li>
1735 <li><p class="first">The <a class="reference external" href="">CSS1 spec</a> defines identifiers based on the &quot;name&quot; token
1736 (&quot;flex&quot; tokenizer notation below; &quot;latin1&quot; and &quot;escape&quot; 8-bit
1737 characters have been replaced with XML entities):</p>
1738 <pre class="literal-block">
1739 unicode \\[0-9a-f]{1,4}
1740 latin1 [&amp;iexcl;-&amp;yuml;]
1741 escape {unicode}|\\[ -~&amp;iexcl;-&amp;yuml;]
1742 nmchar [-A-Za-z0-9]|{latin1}|{escape}
1743 name {nmchar}+
1744 </pre>
1745 </li>
1746 </ul>
1747 <p>The CSS rule does not include underscores (&quot;_&quot;), colons (&quot;:&quot;), or
1748 periods (&quot;.&quot;), therefore &quot;classes&quot; and &quot;id&quot; attributes should not
1749 contain these characters. Combined with HTML's requirements (the
1750 first character must be a letter; no &quot;unicode&quot;, &quot;latin1&quot;, or
1751 &quot;escape&quot; characters), this results in the regular expression
1752 <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">[A-Za-z][-A-Za-z0-9]*</span></tt>. Docutils adds a normalisation by
1753 downcasing and merge of consecutive hyphens.</p>
1754 </div>
1755 </div>
1756 <div class="section" id="custom-interpreted-text-roles">
1757 <span id="role"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id48">Custom Interpreted Text Roles</a></h2>
1758 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1759 <col class="field-name" />
1760 <col class="field-body" />
1761 <tbody valign="top">
1762 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;role&quot;</td>
1763 </tr>
1764 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">None; affects subsequent parsing.</td>
1765 </tr>
1766 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">Two; one required (new role name), one optional
1767 (base role name, in parentheses).</td>
1768 </tr>
1769 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">Possible (depends on base role).</td>
1770 </tr>
1771 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">depends on base role.</td>
1772 </tr>
1773 </tbody>
1774 </table>
1775 <p>(New in Docutils 0.3.2)</p>
1776 <p>The &quot;role&quot; directive dynamically creates a custom interpreted text
1777 role and registers it with the parser. This means that after
1778 declaring a role like this:</p>
1779 <pre class="literal-block">
1780 .. role:: custom
1781 </pre>
1782 <p>the document may use the new &quot;custom&quot; role:</p>
1783 <pre class="literal-block">
1784 An example of using :custom:`interpreted text`
1785 </pre>
1786 <p>This will be parsed into the following document tree fragment:</p>
1787 <pre class="literal-block">
1788 &lt;paragraph&gt;
1789 An example of using
1790 &lt;inline classes=&quot;custom&quot;&gt;
1791 interpreted text
1792 </pre>
1793 <p>The role must be declared in a document before it can be used.</p>
1794 <p>The new role may be based on an existing role, specified as a second
1795 argument in parentheses (whitespace optional):</p>
1796 <pre class="literal-block">
1797 .. role:: custom(emphasis)
1799 :custom:`text`
1800 </pre>
1801 <p>The parsed result is as follows:</p>
1802 <pre class="literal-block">
1803 &lt;paragraph&gt;
1804 &lt;emphasis classes=&quot;custom&quot;&gt;
1805 text
1806 </pre>
1807 <p>If no base role is explicitly specified, a generic custom role is
1808 automatically used. Subsequent interpreted text will produce an
1809 &quot;inline&quot; element with a &quot;classes&quot; attribute, as in the first example
1810 above.</p>
1811 <p>With most roles, the &quot;:class:&quot; option can be used to set a &quot;classes&quot;
1812 attribute that is different from the role name. For example:</p>
1813 <pre class="literal-block">
1814 .. role:: custom
1815 :class: special
1817 :custom:`interpreted text`
1818 </pre>
1819 <p>This is the parsed result:</p>
1820 <pre class="literal-block">
1821 &lt;paragraph&gt;
1822 &lt;inline classes=&quot;special&quot;&gt;
1823 interpreted text
1824 </pre>
1825 <p id="role-class">The following option is recognized by the &quot;role&quot; directive for most
1826 base roles:</p>
1827 <dl class="docutils">
1828 <dt><tt class="docutils literal">class</tt> <span class="classifier-delimiter">:</span> <span class="classifier">text</span></dt>
1829 <dd>Set the &quot;classes&quot; attribute value on the element produced
1830 (<tt class="docutils literal">inline</tt>, or element associated with a base class) when the
1831 custom interpreted text role is used. If no directive options are
1832 specified, a &quot;class&quot; option with the directive argument (role
1833 name) as the value is implied. See the <a class="reference internal" href="#class">class</a> directive above.</dd>
1834 </dl>
1835 <p>Specific base roles may support other options and/or directive
1836 content. See the <a class="reference external" href="roles.html">reStructuredText Interpreted Text Roles</a> document
1837 for details.</p>
1838 </div>
1839 <div class="section" id="setting-the-default-interpreted-text-role">
1840 <span id="default-role"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id49">Setting the Default Interpreted Text Role</a></h2>
1841 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1842 <col class="field-name" />
1843 <col class="field-body" />
1844 <tbody valign="top">
1845 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;default-role&quot;</td>
1846 </tr>
1847 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">None; affects subsequent parsing.</td>
1848 </tr>
1849 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">One, optional (new default role name).</td>
1850 </tr>
1851 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1852 </tr>
1853 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1854 </tr>
1855 </tbody>
1856 </table>
1857 <p>(New in Docutils 0.3.10)</p>
1858 <p>The &quot;default-role&quot; directive sets the default interpreted text role,
1859 the role that is used for interpreted text without an explicit role.
1860 For example, after setting the default role like this:</p>
1861 <pre class="literal-block">
1862 .. default-role:: subscript
1863 </pre>
1864 <p>any subsequent use of implicit-role interpreted text in the document
1865 will use the &quot;subscript&quot; role:</p>
1866 <pre class="literal-block">
1867 An example of a `default` role.
1868 </pre>
1869 <p>This will be parsed into the following document tree fragment:</p>
1870 <pre class="literal-block">
1871 &lt;paragraph&gt;
1872 An example of a
1873 &lt;subscript&gt;
1874 default
1875 role.
1876 </pre>
1877 <p>Custom roles may be used (see the &quot;<a class="reference internal" href="#role">role</a>&quot; directive above), but it
1878 must have been declared in a document before it can be set as the
1879 default role. See the <a class="reference external" href="roles.html">reStructuredText Interpreted Text Roles</a>
1880 document for details of built-in roles.</p>
1881 <p>The directive may be used without an argument to restore the initial
1882 default interpreted text role, which is application-dependent. The
1883 initial default interpreted text role of the standard reStructuredText
1884 parser is &quot;title-reference&quot;.</p>
1885 </div>
1886 <div class="section" id="metadata-document-title">
1887 <span id="title"></span><h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id50">Metadata Document Title</a></h2>
1888 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1889 <col class="field-name" />
1890 <col class="field-body" />
1891 <tbody valign="top">
1892 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;title&quot;</td>
1893 </tr>
1894 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1895 </tr>
1896 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">1, required (the title text).</td>
1897 </tr>
1898 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1899 </tr>
1900 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1901 </tr>
1902 </tbody>
1903 </table>
1904 <p>The &quot;title&quot; directive specifies the document title as metadata, which
1905 does not become part of the document body. It overrides a
1906 document-supplied title. For example, in HTML output the metadata
1907 document title appears in the title bar of the browser window.</p>
1908 </div>
1909 <div class="section" id="restructuredtext-test-directive">
1910 <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id51">Restructuredtext-Test-Directive</a></h2>
1911 <table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
1912 <col class="field-name" />
1913 <col class="field-body" />
1914 <tbody valign="top">
1915 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Type:</th><td class="field-body">&quot;restructuredtext-test-directive&quot;</td>
1916 </tr>
1917 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Doctree Element:</th><td class="field-body">system_warning</td>
1918 </tr>
1919 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Arguments:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1920 </tr>
1921 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Options:</th><td class="field-body">None.</td>
1922 </tr>
1923 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Directive Content:</th><td class="field-body">Interpreted as a literal block.</td>
1924 </tr>
1925 </tbody>
1926 </table>
1927 <p>This directive is provided for test purposes only. (Nobody is
1928 expected to type in a name <em>that</em> long!) It is converted into a
1929 level-1 (info) system message showing the directive data, possibly
1930 followed by a literal block containing the rest of the directive
1931 block.</p>
1932 <!-- Local Variables:
1933 mode: indented-text
1934 indent-tabs-mode: nil
1935 sentence-end-double-space: t
1936 fill-column: 70
1937 End: -->
1938 </div>
1939 </div>
1940 </div>
1941 <div class="footer">
1942 <hr class="footer" />
1943 <a class="reference external" href="directives.txt">View document source</a>.
1944 Generated on: 2010-06-17 02:42 UTC.
1945 Generated by <a class="reference external" href="">Docutils</a> from <a class="reference external" href="">reStructuredText</a> source.
1947 </div>
1948 </body>
1949 </html>