[Lugend-soji] NUMBER ONE Success System

Tommy Lee noss1233 at gmail.com
Wed Aug 22 07:19:55 EDT 2007


The two major justifications given for original property, or homesteading,
are *effort* and *scarcity*. John Locke emphasized effort, "mixing your
labor" with an object, or clearing and cultivating virgin land. Benjamin
Tucker preferred to look at the telos of property, i.e. What is the purpose
of property? His answer: to solve the scarcity problem. Only when items are
relatively scarce with respect to people's desires do they become property.
[5] For example, hunter-gatherers did not consider land to be property,
since there was no shortage of land. Agrarian societies later made arable
land property, as it was scarce. For something to be economically scarce, it
must necessarily have the *exclusivity property* - that use by one person
excludes others from using it. These two justifications lead to different
conclusions on what can be property. Intellectual property - non-corporeal
things like ideas, plans, orderings and arrangements (musical compositions,
novels, computer programs) - are generally considered valid property to
those who support an effort justification, but invalid to those who support
a scarcity justification (since they don't have the exclusivity property.)
Thus even ardent propertarians may disagree about IP.[6] By either standard,
one's body is one's property.

>From some anarchist points of view, the validity of property depends on
whether the "property right" requires enforcement by the state. Different
forms of "property" require different amounts of enforcement: intellectual
property requires a great deal of state intervention to enforce, ownership
of distant physical property requires quite a lot, ownership of carried
objects requires very little, while ownership of one's own body requires
absolutely no state intervention.

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